• Ms. Sarbjit Kaur Research Scholar, Department of Education & Community Service, Punjabi University, Patiala
  • Dr. Kamaljeet Singh Associate Professor, Department of Education, Punjabi University Regional Centre, Bathinda


Brazil, basic education, cash transfer programmes, school nutrition programmes, social protection programmes


This paper evaluates the various social protection programmes and their role in the improvement of Brazilian Basic Education from 1990 to 2016. Brazil is one of the richest countries of the world, yet the country is suffering from the highest rate of inequality and high rate of poverty in the society. The poverty of families has critical impact on health and education of their children. With the dual objective of poverty reduction and for the improvement in basic services, such as health and education in the country, the government has introduced many inclusive and redistributive social protection programmes after the implementation of new constitution in 1988. These social protections programmes of Brazil have been praised internationally for their scope and innovation such as the dramatic reduction in the poverty and inequality in the Brazilian society. Besides these benefits, these programmes have proved to improve the access of Basic Education in the country. This paper reviews these social protection programmes with the help of relevant documents and from the results, it can be concluded that these programmes have proved quite beneficial in educational expansion in Brazil. And so, the experiences of Brazilian Social Protection Programmes are quite instructive in many ways for the developing countries, such as India, which are struggling with the problem of education of children from the disadvantaged sections of the society.


I. Best, J. & Kahn, J.V. (2007). Research in Education. New Delhi: Prentice Hall.

II. Bowen, G.A. (2009). Document Analysis as Qualitative Research Method. Qualitative Research Journal, 9(2), 27-40.

III. Brauw, A.D., Gilligan, D. O., Hoddinott, J., & Roy, S. (2015). The Impact of Bolsa Família on Schooling. World Development, 70, 303-316.

IV. Bruns, B., Evans, D., & Luque, J. (2012). Achieving World-Class Education in Brazil: The Next Agenda. Washington D.C.: The World Bank. Retrieved from

V. Coêlho, D. B. (2012). Political Competition and the Diffusion of Conditional Cash Transfers in Brazil. Brazilian Political Science Review, 6(2), 56-87.

VI. Holmes, R., Hagen-Zanker, J. & Vandemoortele, M. (2011). Social Protection in Brazil: Impacts on Poverty, Inequality and Growth. London: Overseas Development Institute.

VII. INEP-MEC (2016). Overview of The Brazilian Education System. Brazil: National Institute of Educational Studies and Research.

VIII. Ireland, T.D. (2008). Literacy in Brazil: From Rights to Reality. International Review of Education, 54, 713-732.

IX. MEC (2014). Education for All 2015 National Review Report: Brazil. Federative Republic of Brazil-Ministry of Education.

X. Neri M., & Buchmann, G. (2008). From Dakar to Brasilia: Monitoring UNESCO’s Education Goals. Prospects, 38, 415-423.

XI. Neri, M. (2017). A next generation of conditional cash transfer programs. Brazilian Journal of Public Administration, 51(2),168-181. Doi: 10.1590/0034-76122017-0041.

XII. OECD (2010). Encouraging Lessons from a Large Federal System. Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development.

XIII. OECD (2015). Education Policy Outlook: Brazil. Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development.

XIV. Sidaner, E., Balaban, D., & Burlandy, L. (2012). The Brazilian School Feeding Programme: An Example of an Integrated Programme in Support of Food and Nutrition Security. Public Health Nutrition, doi:10.1017/S1368980012005101

XV. Soares, F. (2004) Quality and Equity in Brazilian basic education: facts & possibilities. In Colin Brock & Simon Schwartzman (Eds.). The Challenges of Education in Brazil (pp 61-88). Oxford: Oxford Studies in Comparative Education.

XVI. Souza, P.R. (2001). Education and Development in Brazil, 1995-200. Cepal Review, 73, 65-80.

XVII. UNESCO (2003). EFA Global Monitoring Report 2003/4: Gender and Education for All-The Leap to Equality. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

XVIII. UNESCO (2007). EFA Global Monitoring Report 2008-Education fro All by 2015:Will we make it. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

XIX. UNESCO (2010). EFA Global Monitoring Report 2010: Reaching the Marginalized. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

XX. UNESCO (2015). EFA Global Monitoring Report 2015: Education for All 2000-2015: Achievements and Challenges. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

XXI. UNESCO & IBE (2010). World Data on Education-Brazil. 7th Edition 2010/11 Retrieved from

Additional Files



How to Cite

Ms. Sarbjit Kaur, & Dr. Kamaljeet Singh. (2019). ROLE OF SOCIAL PROTECTION PROGRAMMES IN BRAZILIAN BASIC EDUCATION. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 5(12). Retrieved from