THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE CONSTITUTIONS (93rd AMENDMENT) ACT 2005

Prof. K. Madhusudhana Rao

Abstract


A 7 Judge Bench of the Supreme Court in P.A. Inamdar Vs. Mahatrastra1inter alia, ruled that reservation in private, unaided educational institutions were unconstitutional.  In this case the Supreme Court took the position that the right to run an educational institution is implicit in Art. 19(1)(g).  This right is subject to the operation of any law relating to the professional or technical qualifications necessary for practicing any profession or carrying on any occupation, trade or business, industry or service.  Obviously, the fundamental right under Art. 19(1)(g) could not be restricted by any state imposed quota for the weaker sections in admission to educational institutions, as reservation of seats is not covered by any of the grounds of reasonable restrictions as stated above, except remotely “in the interest of general public” as mentioned in Art. 19(6).  This factor was considered by the Supreme Court while holding that reservations in unaided private educations institutions is impermissible.  This judgment forced the political class to go for a constitutional amendment and legislation to protect the reservation for schedule casts, scheduled tribes and the other backward classes in the educational institutions.

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References


(2005) 6 SCC. 537, - The Bench consisting of R.C Lahoti, C.J., and Y.K.Sabharwal, D.M. Dharmadhikari, Arun Kumar, G.P Mathur, Tarun Chattarjee and P.K. Balasubramanyam, J.J.

See Front Line, - 5-5-2006, pp. 15-16.

(2008) 6 SCC 1.

Ibid., at p. 477-478, paras 108 to 111.

Ibid., at p. 484, para 120.

Ibid., at p. 626. Para 358.

(2002) 8 SCC 481.

(2005) 6 SCC 537.

(2008) 6 SCC 1 at 708-709, para 636.

Ibid., at 7010, para 648.

Ibid., para 649.

(2004) 6 SCC 537.

(2008) 6 SCC 1 at pp. 485-486, para 125, 126.

Ibid., at 625, para 358.

Ibid., at 700, para 608

Ifbid., at para 609.

Ibid., at 712, para 655.

Ibid., at p. 486, para 127.

Ibid., at p. 704, paras 621-622..

Ibid., at pp. 477-478,, paras 130-131.

Ibid., at p 499, para 163

Ibid., at p.625, para 358.

(2008) 6 SCC1 at p. 711, para 650.

Ibid., at p.711, para 651.

AIR 1993 SC 477

(2008) 6 SCC 1 at p.709, para 637.

Ibid., at p.502, para 173.

Ibid., at p.625, para 358.

Ibid., at p.622, para 358

Ibid., at pp. 502-509, paras 174-176

AIR 1993 SC 477.

(2008) 6 SCC 1, at p.707, paras 631-632.

Ibid., at p. 711, para 652.

Ibid., p. 512, para 186.

(2005) 1 SCC 394 at p. 403.

AIR 1993 SC 477.

(20058) 6 SCC 1 at p. 707, para 633.

Sourabh Choudary Vs. Union of India (2003) 11 SCC, 146.

(2008) 6 SCC 1 at 520, Paras 209-210.

Ibid., at p. 626, para 358.

Ibid., at p. 521, para 212.

Ibid., at p. 710, para 642.

Ibid., at p. 522, para 214.

Ibid., at p. 625, para 358.

Ibid., at p. 705, para 625.

Ibid., at p. 523, para 217

AIR 1993 SC 477.

(2008) 6 SCC 1 at p. 626, para 358

Ibid., at p. 710, para 644

Ibid., at p. 524, para 219

Ibid., at p. 626, para 358

Ibid., at p. 708, para 634

Ibid., at p. 708, para 635

See The Right to Education Act 2009 (Act 35 of 2009)

(2008) 6 SCC1, at p. 710, para 645.

(1985) Supp SCC 714 at 763, para 72.


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