• Dr. Hiren B Patel Assistant Professor Maneklal Nanavati Law College, Ahmedabad


Adoption, Legal, Child, Guardian


The focus of this study is on a complete analysis of Indian adoption law and how adoption laws around the world have little impact on Indian adoption law. Adoption has been practised for many decades, although it was only legalised in the nineteenth century. In India, there are many different religions, yet there is no single adoption law that applies to all of them. In India, the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956, is the only personal law that governs adoption. Because Indian religions such as Muslims, Christians, Jews, and Parsis lack their own personal legislation governing adoption, they are unable to adopt a child and give him or her their family name. Under the Guardians and Wards Act of 1890, they can only become the child's guardian. The Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act of 1956 is followed by Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Jains. The Indian government attempted to create a national adoption law, but it proved unsuccessful. This article focuses on the adoption laws that govern adoption in India, as well as the need for a standard civil code in the domain of adoption.


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Additional Files



How to Cite

Dr. Hiren B Patel. (2019). LEGALITIES AND CHALLENGES OF ADOPTION IN INDIA. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 5(10). Retrieved from