• Dr. C. Siva Sankar Assistant Professor, Dept. of Education, Rajiv Gandhi University (CU), Itanagar-791112, Arunachal Pradesh, India


Pedagogy is the art and science of teaching children. The basic content of pedagogy deals with knowledge, practice and belief or professional ethics of teaching. In the pedagogical orientations, the teacher has full responsibility for making decision about what will be learned, how it will be learned, when it will be learned. It is based on the assumption that learners need to know only what teacher teaches them. In pedagogical approach, learning experiences are more teacher-directed. It includes lectures, transmitting factual information, assigned readings, drills, tests and rote learning. Andragogy is the art and science of teaching adults. In other words, it is science and art of helping adults learn. The adult learner goes from being dependent to self-directed. The growth and development of andragogy as an alternative model of instruction has helped to remedy this situation and improve the teaching adults. In andragogical approach, learners are expected to be independent in learning and society acknowledges what people want to learn. In andragogical orientations, the role of teacher is that of a facilitator and it includes self-direction, autonomy, accountability and responsibility for decisions resource of experience, performance of social roles and immediacy of application or action. The peda-andragogical orientations are useful to refine the teacher and learner behavior in teaching learning process.


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How to Cite

Dr. C. Siva Sankar. (2019). M. ED. STUDENTS’ COMBINATORIAL INCLINATIONS ON PEDA-ANDRAGOGICAL ORIENTATIONS. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 5(8). Retrieved from http://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/1859