ASSESSMENT OF WATER QUALITY PARAMETERS: A REVIEW

Mrs. Swati Sarwa, Dr. Piyush Kumar Thakur, Dr. Shweta Choubey

Abstract


Drinking water is an important constituent for all types of living beings. Groundwater is one of the most valuable natural resources, which supports human health, economic development and ecological diversity. The various physico-chemical parameters such as color, Water temperature, alkalinity, acidity, hardness, pH, sulphate, chloride, DO, BOD, COD, EC, TDS, Calcium and Magnesium, Sulphate, Nitrate, Nitrogen as Ammonia, Nitrogen as Nitrate and Nitrogen as Nitrite used for testing of water quality are discussed and studied in this paper. The objective of study was to know the important water quality parameters for Drinking, Irrigation and Aquatic life i.e. multipurpose from surface water bodies as well as ground water. Various researchers explained their views about water quality parameters that are explained below. From this study it will seen that, all parameters are equally important. There is lot of parameter for drinking water quality parameter like world health organization (WHO), Indian Standard IS 12500:2012, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Environmental Quality Standards (EQA).
Some water analysis reports with physic-chemical parameters have been given for the exploring parameter study. Guidelines of different physic-chemical parameters also have been given for comparing the value of real water sample.


Keywords


Drinking water, water quality parameters, underground water

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