A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE SOCIO-LEGAL SITUATION OF DETAINEES BETWEEN TWO COUNTRIES A survey carried out in Butembo City / DRC and Baguio City / Philippines, Sept 2017-Mar 2018

Judith Gayumba Martinez, LÉandre S. Thamuithe

Abstract


In the public and judicial administration, the management of penitentiaries is one of the major challenges of governments, an irreversible thermometer of respect for human rights in general and detainees and prisoners in particular. The prison standards in the social and legal conditions are not guaranteed to detainees and prisoners in some countries. However, in the organizational performance of jail and prisons, offering good living conditions to prisoners is a legitimate right. This research compares the detainees in Butembo/Africa with the detainees in Baguio/ Philippines. Through the comparative analysis in the quantitative approach, it reveals the extent of social and legal conditions of detention and survival of the detainees and prisoners inside the jail. In addition to direct observation, a questionnaire was provided to respondents. The results showed that the social and legal conditions of detention in Butembo and Baguio differed on the law, including 17% in Butembo / DRC against 80.6% in Baguio / Philippines. Both countries are varied, as to the social; Butembo illustrating mediocrity on reception facilities, food situation, health, sports and recreation, work, training and morale. Hence, there is a need of great deal and efforts in promoting the rights of the detainees and prisoners.  Meanwhile, in the Philippines, the rights of detainees and prisoners are at least kept to a minimum. It is a condition which Bumtembo/DRC in Congo and some other countries may carry out.


Keywords


Crime, law, detained, prison, [conditions] prison, social, legal.

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