Dr. Lina Al-Maharmeh, Dr. Fuad E. Al-jawaldeh


The current study aimed to identify reflective thinking and its relationship to some variables to the visually impaired, the sample of the study consisted of (120) Visual handicapped students , and they were (60 partially visual impaired , 60 Blinds were randomly chosen from schools of Visual impairment in Jordan, in the year 2017/2018, the researchers used a true and firm measures of reflective thinking for the purpose of the study and use mathematical averages and standard deviations and bilateral analysis of variance (Tow way ANOVA) means data processing and the statistical analysis  found the following results:


  • Overall average of measure reflective thinking (3.34) and standard deviation (0.77821), and the General level for reflective thinking was average.
  • Statistically the studies found significant differences between genders in reflective thinking, and was in favor of the females.
  • There is no interaction between the intensity of visual disability and gender in level of reflective thinking of chosen sample.


Recommendations and proposals were developed based on the findings of the study such as: conduct a similar study to the visually impaired to identify the nature of reflective thinking they have and the extent of school’s influence to the thinking visually impaired.


Reflective thinking, Visual impairment, Jordan.

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The data reviewed and analyzed by: Anwar Maharmeh; PE City of Alexandria Development Review Management Amaharmeh@gmail.com


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