TRICHINELLA SPIRALIS BREAKOUTS IN THE BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA PROVINCE. A PENDING SOLUTION MATTER

José Lino Zumaquero Rios, Jorge Sarracent Pérez, Ygnacio Martínez Laguna, Pablo Aguirre, Ezequiel Scialfa, Jorge Bolpe

Abstract


The following work conducts a research about three trichinosis outbreaks that took place in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina in the year 2016. An inquiry was made to determine the risk factors associated with the epidemic outbreaks. The products elaborated with pig meat coming from the presumably infested swine, an enzymatic digestion was performed in order to find the cause of the outbreaks in humans. All the patients that stated they had consumed meat products elaborated from presumably infected animals and presented any symptoms, were included in the study. Two techniques for antibody detection in patients serum were used; IFI and ELISA. Furthermore, an antigen detection technique that allowed to determine the infection before the antibody determination studies, was evaluated.

It is propound to include major sensibility and specificity techniques that allow an efficient and quick diagnose in epidemic outbreaks. At the same time, improve the sanitary education among population with a view to avoid the ingestion of uncertified meat or sub products.


Keywords


Epidemic outbreaks, Trichinosis, ELISA, IIF, Patients

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