EFFICACY OF COMMUNICATION BOARD ON COMMUNICATION OF VERBALLY NON-COMMUNICATIVE PATIENTS AT SELECTED HOSPITAL IN MANGALORE
Keywords:Efficacy, communication board, communication, verbally non-communicative, patients
Background of the study
By nature, humans are social and their needs are fulfilled in collaboration with other human beings through communication. The ability to communicate effectively is basic for human functioning and well being. Communication is the foundation of society. It is an integral and fundamental aspect of our social system and an accepted part of our daily life. Lack of effective communication stresses an individual and therefore, it is of vital importance that all human beings are ensured adequate means for communication especially when they are plagued by illness.
The main aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of communication board on communication of verbally non- communicative patients at selected hospital Mangalore.
Objectives of the study were to:
- assess pre-test and post-test communication of verbally non-communicative patients.
- determine the effectiveness of communication board on communication among verbally non-communicative patients.
- find association between pre-test level of communication and selected demographic variables of verbally non-communicative patients.
A quantitative research approach with non equivalent control group pre-test posttest design (quasi experimental) was adopted for the study. The conceptual framework of this study was based on Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory (1971) developed by Dorothea Orem. 40 verbally non- communicative patients were selected by non-probability purposive sampling technique (twenty patients in the experimental group and twenty patients in the control group). Communication board was administered to the experimental group. Data were collected using demographic proforma, semi structured questionnaire on assessment of communicative needs and non-verbal communication index (rating scale on verbally non-communicative communication pattern.
The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The data concerning the efficacy of the communication board was established by analyzing the pre- test and post-test communication scores of the verbally non- communicative patients. In order to find out the efficacy of the communication board within groups, on communication of verbally non-communicative patients, paired ‘t’ test was computed. In the experimental group, the computed ‘t’ values of communication scores were significant for all components (p<0.01). In the control group, the computed ‘t’ values were significant only for the general and physiological domains
of communication (p<0.01).
Independent ‘t’ test was used for comparing the post-test communication scores between the experimental and control group. The value of the independent ‘t’ test for overall communication (27.38) was significant (p<0.01). This represented that the communication board was effective in improving the communication of verbally non-communicative patients in experimental group than control group.
Chi-square test was used to test the significant association between pre-test levels of communication and selected demographic variables. The test revealed that there was no significant association between the pre-test communication and selected demographic variables namely, age, gender, education and previous history of hospitalization of verbally non- communicative patients.
Interpretation and conclusion
The study concluded that the communication board significantly improved the communication of verbally non- communicative patients.
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