SERUM VITAMIN D STATUS AMONG DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE II CASES AND APPARENTLY HEALTHY SUBJECTS

Vijay Chaudhary, Dr Suvarna Prasad, Dr P D Gupta

Abstract


According to the WHO, there are roughly 422 million of diabetes cases and is estimated to be doubled by 2030. Diabetes mellitus type II (DM-II) alone consist of 85 to 90 percent. India is one of the epicenter of worldwide DM-II prevalent. Nearly 60 million Indian population are affected and over 0.9 million people lost their lives due to the disease. The number of the disease population is believed to be raised to 109 million by 2035. Vitamin D below 30 ng/ml is said to be suboptimal. Low vitamin D is also another public health issue in India and many other developing nations. Indian population from all age groups throughout the nation, are at the edge of suboptimal vitamin D. Nearly 70 to 90 percent of apparently healthy subjects have under vitamin D level.

Objective: to provide comparative vitamin D status among apparently healthy and diabetes mellitus type II patients.

Materials and methods: the study was conducted among 100 DM-II patients (attending OPD of the institute) and 50 apparently healthy subjects at the department of biochemistry, MM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana in collaboration with department of medicine.

Results: Diabetic cases had 19.09±5.34 ng/ml of serum vitamin D level. Healthy control subjects had 26.55±3.61 ng/ml of serum vitamin D. 10 DM-II cases had deficient amount of vitamin D and 90 cases were under insufficient vitamin D. Majority of healthy subjects (82%) had insufficient vitamin D.

Conclusion: Majority of individuals have suboptimal vitamin D and are at potential risk for developing the diseases related to low vitamin D. therefore, it is suggested to optimize vitamin D level.


Keywords


Diabetes mellitus type II, WHO, vitamin D

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