VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES (VLSS) THROUGH SECONDARY STUDENTS AT SAUDI SCHOOL IN MALAYSIA (SSM): A PILOT STUDY
Actually, the value of English returns to its usage over the entire world rather than the variety of its speakers. In other words, it is international and worldwide in its significance and importance such as, in international field, diplomacy, economy and agreements, global air travel, higher studies, research, peace negotiation, affairs of international cooperation around the world. It is a shared language of individuals throughout the world today. The current study aim to investigate vocabulary learning strategies (VLSs) employed by secondary students at Saudi School Malaysia (SSM). Therefore, this study is conducted on cognitive theory of learning studies, the mental processes involved in the learning process. Moreover, this study conducted an analysis of studies dedicated to vocabulary learning strategies (VLSs) through secondary students at Saudi school in Malaysia based on previous research problems of models and theories. In addition, this study applied quantitative approach, and the questionnaire was conducted using 58 students. The results of this study revealed the percentage and frequency have further underscored this role and the significance of vocabulary learning in both students and teachers. Also, the results show that students at (SSM) have employed the five categories of VLSs at a medium level and almost at a close range.
Abdulwahab, S. (1997). Vocabulary acquisition activities: An analysis of 20 second language learners’ guessing techniques. Unpublished master’s Thesis, Central Missouri State University, Warrensburg.
Al Salloom, Hamad Ibraheem (Rivesed). Education Saudi Arabia. Washington D.C.: The Saudi Arabian Culture Mission to the U.S, 1995.
Al Salloom, Hamad Ibraheem. History of Educational Movement in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Washington D.C.: International Grafeix, 1991
Al-Adulkader, A. 1978. A survey of the contribution of higher education of the development of human resources in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. PhD thesis, University of Kanas.
Al-Ahaydib, M. E., 1986. Teaching English as a foreign language in the intermediate and secondary schools of Saudi Arabia: diagnostic study. PhD thesis, University of Kansas.
Al-Ghmdi, A. & Al-Saadat, E. 2002. The development of the educational system in Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, Trabiat Al Ghad.
Al-Hajailan, T. A. (2003). Teaching English in Saudi Arabia. Riyadh: Aldar Alsawlatia.
Allen, J. (1999). Words, words, words: Teaching vocabulary in grades 4-12. Maine: Stenhouse Publishers.
Alqahtani, S. (2009). The role of using reading stories technique on teaching English vocabulary for EFL Learners (elementary stage) in Saudi Arabia. Unpublished master’s thesis. Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh.
Alromi, Naif. Vocational Education in Saudi Arabia. State College, PA: Penn State University, 2000.
Carter, R., & McCarthy, M. (1988). Vocabulary and language teaching. Essex: Longman.
Cohen, L., and Manion, L. (2002). Research methods in education. London: Routledge.
De Groot, A.M.B. and Van Den Brink, R.C.L., Foreign language vocabulary learning: Word-type effect during the labeling stage, in M. Kail and M. Hickman (eds.), Language acquisition across linguistic and cognitive systems, Amsterdam-Philadelphia: Bemjamins, 2010.
Fan, M. Y. (2003). “Frequency of use, perceived usefulness and actual usefulness of second language vocabulary strategies: a study of Hong Kong learners”. The Modern Language Journal 87/2: 222-241.
Flower, J. (2000). Start building your vocabulary. Hove: Language Teaching.
Hall, B. T. (2000). Issues in teaching vocabulary. Available: http://www.suite101_ com.htm
Harmer, J. (1991). The practice of English language teaching. London: Longman.
Hunt, A. & Belglar, D. (2005). A framework for developing EFL reading vocabulary. Reading in a Foreign Language, 17(1), 1-31.
Jackson, H., & Amvela, E. Z. (2007). Words, meaning and vocabulary. New York:
Jiménez C. & Rosa M. (2003). “Sex differences in L2 vocabulary learning strategies”. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 13/1: 54-77.
Johnson, M. C. (1977). A review of research methods in education. Chicago: Rand.
Kachru, B. B. (1985) Standards, codification and sociolinguistic realism: the English language in the outer circle. In R. Quirk and H.G. Widdowson (Eds), English in the world: Teaching and learning the language and literatures (pp. 11-30). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Krashen, S. D., and Terrell, T. D. (2000). The natural approach: Language acquisition in the classroom. New York: Longman.
Kudo, Y. (1999). L2 vocabulary learning strategies. Retrieved 12 May 2010, from http://www.lll.hawaii.edu/nflrc/NetWorks/NW14.
Kuo, I. C. (2006). Addressing the Issue of Teaching English as a Lingua Franca. ELT Journal 60.3, 213-220. Language Teaching Publications.
Laufer, B. (1991). “Knowing a word: What is so difficult about it?” English Teachers'
Lewis, M. (1993). The lexical approach: The state of ELT and a way forward. Hove:
Lewis, M. (2000). Teaching collocation: Further development in the lexical approach. Hove: Language Teaching Publications.
Liao, Yi F. (2004). “A survey study of Taiwanese EFL freshmen’s vocabulary learning strategies”. Journal of Pingtung Teachers College 21: 271-288.
Macaro, E. (2003). “Second language teachers and second language classroom researchers”. Language Learning Journal 27: 43-51.
Meara, P. (1980). Vocabulary acquisition: A neglected aspect of language learning. Language Teaching and Linguistics Abstracts, 13(4), 221-246.
Mondria, Jan-Arjen & Wiersma, Boukje, (2004). Receptive, productive, and receptive + productive L2 vocabulary learning: What difference does it make? In P. Bogaards & B. Laufer (eds.) Vocabulary in Second Language. Selection, Acquisition, and Testing. John Benjamins Publishing Company. Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 79– 100.
Nation, I. S. P. (1990). Teaching and learning vocabulary. Boston: Heinle & Heinle Publishers.
Nation, I. S. P. (2008). Teaching vocabulary: Strategies and techniques. Boston: Heinle.
Nation, I. S. P., & Gu, P. Y. (2007) Focus on vocabulary. Sydney: National Centre for English Language Teaching and Research.
Nation, I. S. Paul, (1993). “Measuring readiness for simplified material: a test of the first 1,000 words of English”, in M. L. Tickoo (ed.) Simplification: Theory and Application. RELC Anthology Series 31: 193-203.
Pachler, N., & Field, K. (2001). Learning to teach modern foreign languages in the secondary school. London: Routledge.
Pakir, A. (2000). The development of English as a „glocal‟ language: New concerns in the old saga of language teaching. In H.W. Kam & C.Ward (Eds.), Language in the global context: Implications for the language classroom. Singapore: SEAMEO Regional Language Centre.
Read, J. (1997). Vocabulary and testing. In N. Schmitt, and M. McCarthy (Eds.),
Richards, J. (1976). The role of vocabulary teaching. TESOL Quarterly, 10(1), 77 90.
Rubin, H. J., & Thompson, I. (1994). How to be a more successful language learner: Toward learner autonomy (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.
Ruutmets, K. (2005). Vocabulary Learning Strategies in Studying English as a Foreign Language. Master’s thesis. Html document: <http://www.utlib.ee/ ekollekt/diss/mag/ 2005/b17557100/ruutmets.pdf>.
Schmitt, D. (2010). Are learners getting the knowledge they need? Retrieved April 8, 2011, from Pearson Education Ltd:http://www.pearsonlongman.com/newtotalenglish/pdfs/vocab_trainer.pdf
Schmitt, N. & Paul Meara, (1997). “Researching vocabulary through a word knowledge framework". Studies in Second Language Acquisition 19: 17-36.
Schmitt, N. (2000). Vocabulary in language teaching. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Schmitt, N. (2008). Instructed second language vocabulary learning. Language Teaching Research, 12(1), 329-363.
Smith, R. K. (1998). Building vocabulary for college (4th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Spolsky, B. (1998). Sociolinguistics. Oxford University Press.
Taylor, L. (1992). Vocabulary in action. New York: Prentice Hall.
Thornbury, S.: How to Teach Vocabulary. Harlow: Longman, (2002). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Wei, M. (2007). An examination of vocabulary learning of college-level learners of English in China. Asian EFL Journal, 9(2), 93-114.
Wu, W. S. (2005). Use and helpfulness rankings of vocabulary learning strategies employed by EFL learners in Taiwan. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(2), 7-13.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.