LEARNING THEORIES: BEHAVIORISM, COGNITIVISM, CONSTRUCTIVISM

Mehroz Nida Dilshad

Abstract


The purpose of this paper is to analyze how three different learning; behaviorism, cognitivism and constructivism guide the process of learning. The aim of these learning theories is to increase the transfer of learning more efficiently. These learning theories make it possible for an educator to compare what learners are able to learn and what they can demonstrate in terms of skills and abilities. Educators must need to know the learning theories in order to create an optimal learning environment. This paper helps in bridging the gap between effective educators and three important learning theories. These theories give you an insight on how information is absorbed by a learner, followed by processing and retaining it in the process of learning. Each theory explains in its own way how learners tend to learn. Learning helps a learner in transforming gained knowledge into skills, attitudes or behaviors.


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