MENSTRUATION MANAGEMENT AMONG FEMALE SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS IN MAKAWANPUR DISTRICT, NEPAL

Authors

  • Ram Prasad Adhikari Ph.D. Scholar, Mewar University, Rajasthan, India
  • Dr. Ram Krishna Maharjan Visiting Professor, Mewar University and Research Supervisor and Professor, Tribhuwan University, Nepal

Keywords:

Menstruation, management, female, school, adolescents, Makawanpur

Abstract

Menstruation is a natural process that starts from the age of 8/9 years and ends around the year of 50. Adolescence is a period of physical, mental, social and emotional change. Menstruation is the sign of maturity among the girls. The aim of this study is to assess the menstrual management among adolescent school girls.  The data required for the study was collected from 200 adolescent school girls of the age group of 15-19 years in 10 higher secondary sampled schools of Makawanpur districts of Nepal. The systemic random sampling method was used to select the required number of respondents and the proportionate stratified random sampling technique was administered to select the required number of school. There are significant association ((p=0.009), (p=0.049) and (p=0.015) <0.05 in two-side) between the caste, religion and age of the respondents, respectively and leaving school during the period of menstruation, whereas other demographic variables have no significant association. There is significant association (p= 0.012<0.05 in two-side) between marital status and the use of absorbent for the management of menstruation in case of not leaving school, while other demographic variables have no significant association.  There is significant association (p=0.004<0.05 in two-side) between location of the respondents and the way of managing menstrual pads or materials in school. Menstruation is a hindering problem for the school girls. It is necessary to manage safety menstrual pad in school for emergency period, which prevents girls from shame, insult and leaving school. The government should provide the budget for it.

References

I. Farage, Miranda A, Kenneth W Miller, Ann Davis. (2011). Cultural aspects of menstruation and menstrual hygiene in adolescents. Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 6(2), 127-139. doi:10.1586/eog.11.1

II. medicinenet.com. (2013, 8 28). http. Retrieved 2 19, 2016, from medicinenet.com: http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=4355

III. Sommer, Marni , Marianne Kjellén and Chibesa Pensulo. (2013). Girls’ and women’s unmet needs for menstrual hygiene management (MHM): the interactions between MHM and sanitation systems in low-income countries. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 283-297. Retrieved 2 18, 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L34avOBl3j0

IV. Tegegne, T. K. (2014, October 29). Menstrual hygiene management and school absenteeism among female adolescent students in Northeast Ethiopia. BMC Public Health, 14(1118), 1-14. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-1118

V. Ten, V. T. (2007). Menstrual Hygiene, A Neglected Condition for the Achievement of Several Millennium Development Goals. EEPA. Retrieved 1 18, 2016, from http://www.eepa.be/wcm/dmdocuments/BGpaper_Menstrual-Hygiene.pdf

VI. UNICEF. (2013). WASH in Schools Empowers Girls’ Education Proceedings of the Menstrual Hygiene Management in Schools Virtual Conference 2012. New York: UNICEF Programme Division/WASH. Retrieved 2 18, 2016, from http://www.unicef.org/wash/schools/files/WASH_in_Schools_Empowers_Girls_Education_Proceedings_of_Virtual_MHM_conference.pdf

VII. Water Aid. (2009a). Is menstrual hygiene and management an issue for adolescent school girls?,A comparative study of four schools in different settings of Nepal. A WaterAid in Nepal publication. Retrieved 2 18, 2016, from http://www.sswm.info/sites/default/files/reference_attachments/WATERAID%202009%20Menstrual%20hygiene%20school%20adolesencegirls-nepal.pdf

VIII. Water Aid. (2009c). Is menstrual hygiene and management an issue for adolescent school girls? A WaterAid in Nepal publication. Retrieved 2 18, 2016, from http://www.sswm.info/sites/default/files/reference_attachments/WATERAID%202009%20Menstrual%20hygiene%20school%20adolesencegirls-nepal.pdf

IX. WHO. (2016). http. Retrieved 2 19, 2016, from who.int: http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/topics/adolescence/dev/en/

X. WSSCC and UN Women. (2015). Menstrual hygiene management: behaviour and practices in the kedougou region, senegal. London: WSSCC and UN Women. Retrieved 2 18, 2016, from http://wsscc.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/kedougou_study_en_lores.pdf

Additional Files

Published

15-11-2017

How to Cite

Ram Prasad Adhikari, & Dr. Ram Krishna Maharjan. (2017). MENSTRUATION MANAGEMENT AMONG FEMALE SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS IN MAKAWANPUR DISTRICT, NEPAL. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 3(11). Retrieved from http://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/1407