THE ROLE OF EDUCATION IN THE EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN: A STUDY
Keywords:Social change, rural education, caste discrimination, dowry
Developed and developing countries alike have recognized the importance of girls' education, the worldwide surge in girls' primary school enrolment over the past two decades is testament to their commitment. The growth in girls' schooling also coincides with the global trend toward mass education that took off after the end of World War II and accelerated in the postcolonial period. Over the past 60 years, most countries have adopted mass education and have accelerated school expansion to accommodate the growing demand for education. Particular attention has been given to girls' schooling, not only because of its importance in reaching universal education but also because of its demonstrated social benefits.
India's recent economic growth rates have generated much optimism about its general social and economic development. But has there been accompanying progress in indicators of girl's educational outcomes even when all the resources are provided?
In an exhaustive survey, this paper tries to unearth the status of women, attitude towards girls? education in society, problems hindering the education of women, the importance of marriage in women's life affecting education as well as the empowerment of women for harassment. The article also highlights that educated and economically empowered women have said a firm "no? to the prevalent malice of the dowry, thus directly bearing the fruit of economic empowerment in society. Finally some recommendations have been made to eradicate the practice of intra-household and social discrimination of girl child and women.
I. Aggarwal, Yash (1999), Trends in Access and Retention: A Study of Primary Schools in DPEP Districts,' Educational Consultants of India Ltd., New Delhi.
II. Bajpai, Nirupam, Jeffrey Sachs and Nicole Volavka. (2005). 'India's Challenge to Meet the Millennium Development Goals', Background paper for the United Nations Millennium Project Task Force on Poverty and Economic Development, UN Millennium Project, New York and Center on Globalization and Sustainable Development, Columbia University, Working Paper No. 24, New York.
III. Bajpai, Nirupam, Ravindra Dholakia and Jeffrey Sachs. (2005a). 'Scaling up Primary Health Services in Rural India: Case Studies of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh', Mimeo, Center on Globalization and Sustainable Development, Columbia University, New York.
IV. Bajpai, Nirupam and Sangeeta Goyal. (2004) 'Primary Education in India: Quality and Coverage Issues,' Background paper for the United Nations Millennium Project Task Force on Poverty and Economic Development, UN Millennium Project, New York and Center on Globalization and Sustainable Development, Columbia University, Working Paper No. 11, New York.
V. Bajpai, Nirupam and Jeffrey Sachs (2000), 'India's Decade of Development,' Working Paper 46, Center for International Development, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.
VI. Banerji, Rukmini (2003), 'Making the Grade: Teach Children the Joy of Learning.' Times of India, July 14, New Delhi.
VII. Burns, B, A Mingat and R Rakotomalala. (2003), 'Achieving Primary Education by 2015: A Chance for Every Child', World Bank, Washington, D.C.
VIII. Dreze, Jean and Aparajita Goyal, (2003), 'Future of Mid-Day Meals,' Economic and Political Weekly, November 1.
IX. Dreze, Jean and Amartya Sen (2002), 'India Development and Participation,' Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
X. Dreze, Jean and Geetha Gandhi Kingdon (2001), 'School Participation in Rural India,' Review of Development Studies 5.
XI. Dreze, Jean and H. Gazdar (1997) 'Uttar Pradesh: The Burden of Inertia', in Dreze, J. and A. Sen eds. (1997) Indian Development: Selected Regional Perspectives, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
XII. Filmer, Deon and Lant Pritchett (2001), 'Estimating Wealth Effects without Expenditure Data - or Tears: An Application to Educational Enrollments in States of India, Working Paper, The World Bank, Washington D.C.
XIII. Geetha Rani, P, (2003), 'Financing Primary Education and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan,' National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration, New Delhi.
XIV. Government of India, (2004), 'Report of the Twelfth Finance Commission, New Delhi.
XV. Government of India, (Aug.2004) Indian Public Finance Statistics, 2003-04, Ministry of Finance.
XVI. Government of Uttar Pradesh, (2004). Annual Plan - 2004/05, State Planning Commission, Volume I, Parts I and II.
XVII. Graver, Shuchi and Nishu Harpreet Singh (2002), The Quality of Primary Education: A Case Study of Madurai and Villupuram Districts in Tamil Nadu, India,' Center for International Development, Harvard University.
XVIII. Hirway Indira and Darshini Mahadevia (2005): Gujarat Human Development Report, 2004, Ahmedabad: Mahatma Gandhi Labour Institute, June.
XIX. Leclercq, Francois. (2003)-. 'Education Guarantee Scheme and Primary Schooling in Madhya Pradesh', Economic and Political Weekly, Special Articles 05-10.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 International Education and Research Journal (IERJ)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.