EFFECT OF SEAWEED LIQUID FERTILIZERS ON GERMINATION AND MORPHOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF TRITICUM AESTIVUM LINN

Sushmita Negi

Abstract


In the present piece of research work, the effect of SLF prepared with macroalgae Cladophora and Gracilaria spp was studied on Triticum aestivum Linn. in two sets of experiment- 1. Seventy two hrs after germination in petriplates; 2. Eight days after sowing in the plastic pots containing garden soil. Seeds of Triticum aestivum were soaked in 5%, 10%, and 15% SLF solutions and control for duration of 12 hours. Seed germination index, average number of roots, average length of roots and shoots were the parameters recorded in young seedlings post 72 hrs germination. Germination index was 100% in 5% Cladophora and in all strength of Gracilaria as against only 70% in control. Average root and shoot length of 72 hours old seedlings were recorded to be higher in 5% Gracilaria SLF followed by 10% Cladophora SLF treatment. In another set of experiment, germination index, average root and shoot length, fresh weight and total chlorophyll were studied in  8 days old  seedlings  that were cultivated in pots. Comparative analysis indicated that treatment with 5% Gracilaria SLF had a promoting effect on these parameters followed by 5% Cladophora SLF treatment. It is concluded that Seaweed liquid fertilizer of 10% Gracilaria has potential as a biostimulant in early growth of Triticum aestivum.

Keywords


Cladophora, Gracilaria, SLF, germination index

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alalwani B, Jebor TM, Hussain AI. 2012. Effect of Seaweed and Drainage Water on Germination and Seedling Growth of Tomato (Lycopersicon spp.). Euphrates Journal of Agriculture Science-4 (4): 24-39.

Anandharaj M and Venkatesalu V, Effects of seaweed liquid fertilizer on Vigna catajung. Seaweed Research and Utilization 2001, 23 (1&2): 33–39.

Anandharaj and Venkatesalu, 2002. Studies on the effect of seaweed extract on Dolichos biflorus. Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, 24(1): 129-137.

Arun D , Gayathri P. K. *, Chandran M and Yuvaraj D. 2014. Studies on Effect of Seaweed Extracts on Crop Plants and Microbes. International Journal of ChemTech Research -6 (9):4235-4240.

Arnon, D (1949) Plant Physiology 24: 1- 15.

.

Divya, K. Mary Roja, N. Pada S.B.2015. Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer of Sargassum

wightii on germination, growth and productivity of brinjal. International Journal of Advanced Research in Science,Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 10 : 868-871.

Erulan.V, P. Soundarapandian, G. Thirumaran and G. Ananthan, 2009, Studies on the effect of Sargassum polycystum extract on the growth and biochemical composition of Cajanus cajan (l.) Mill sp. American-eurasian j. Agric. & environ. Sci., 6 (4): 392-399

Gupta AV, Kumar M, Brahmbhatt H. Simultaneous determination of different endogenetic plant growth regulators in common green seaweeds using dispersive liquideliquid microextraction method. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 49 : 1259-1263.

Kalaivanan C., Chandrasekaran, M., and Venkatesalu, V. 2012. Effect of seaweed liquid extract of Caulerpa scalpelliformis on growth and biochemical constituents of black gram (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper). Phykos 42 (2): 46-53.

Kalidass C, S.Jayarani and M. Glory, 2010. Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizers on growth and biochemical constituents of Brassica nigra (L.), Intl J Agri Environ Biol, 3:307-311.

Latique, S. Ayyad, C and Halima M. Chernane 2013. Seaweed liquid fertilizer effect on physiological and biochemical parameters of bean plant (phaesolus vulgaris variety paulista) under hydroponic system. European Scientific Journal October 2013 edition vol.9, No.30 ISSN: 1857 – 7881

Rama Rao, K. 1990. Preparation of liquid Seaweed fertilizer from Sargassum. In: Seaweed Research and Utilization Association.Workshop on Algal Products and Seminar on Phaeophyceae in India. 4th – 7th June at Madras p16.

Sekaram R, N.Thangaraju and R. Rengasamy, 1995. Effect of seaweed liquid fertilizer from Ulva lactuca L. on Vigna unguiculata L., Phykos, 34: 49-53.

Shahbazi,F., Seyyed nejad2, M., Salimi, A., and Gilani, A. 2015. Effect Of Seaweed Extracts On The Growth And Biochemical Constituents Of Wheat . International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. 8-3/283-287.

Sasikumar K, Govindan T, Anuradha C. Effect of Seaweed Liquid Fertilizer of Dictyota dichotoma on growth and yield of Abelmoschus esculantus L. European Journal of Experimental Biology, 2011, 1 (3):223-227.

Sivasankari S.2006. Effect of seaweed extracts on the growth and biochemical constituents of Vigna sinensis, Bioresource Technology, 97;1745-1751.

Zodape, S.T. 2000. Marine algae: a source of biofertilizer. Invent Intell: 167-157.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2017 INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH JOURNAL