TREND OF DECADAL GROWTH RATE OF POPULATION IN ASSAM: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO INDIA

Parboti Poonam Saikia

Abstract


Assam is characterized by a very high rate of population growth which is even higher than the country’s average growth throughout the present century. This paper tries to show the trend of decadal growth rate population in Assam during the period 1901-2011. The growth rate of population in Assam and other North-Eastern states is somewhat unnatural as compared states of the country. But the birth and the death rates of the state does not differ much from the national average. It means that had there been no migration into the state, the growth rate of population in Assam would have been almost similar with that of the average growth rates in the country. Thus, it can be said that growth of population in Assam has taken place due to both natural increase and migration. However it is seen that the migration of people was very small in the early 19th century and pre-independent period. Accordingly, two district demographic phase with 1951 as a divide may be identified in the demographic history of the State.


Keywords


Assam, decadal growth rate, migration

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References


GoI. (2011): Census of India, New Delhi: Gvernment of India.

GoI. (2013-14): Economic Survey, Assam. Guwahati: Government of Assam.

Kar, B. K. (2002) : “Population” in A. K. Bhagabati, A. K. Bora and B. K. Kar (eds), Geography of Assam, Rajesh Publications, New Delhi, pp. 115-155.

Sharma, H. N. and B. K. Kar (1997) : “Pattern of Population Growth in North-East India”, in A. Ahmad, D. Noin and H. N. Sharma (eds) Demographic Transition: The Third World Scenario, Rawat Publications, Jaipur and New Delhi, pp. 73-93.

Veghaiwalla, R. B. (1951): Census Report of Assam, Manipur and Tripura, Volume-XII,

Part-I-A, Census of India.


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