Dr. Shweta Shandilya


Background: It is widely accepted that belonging to group such as school, families and communities contribute in a number of dimensions of well being of an individual. These dimensions may include general life satisfaction, cognitive performance, academic work and physical health. If an individual has weak social ties, feel socially disconnected and experience anomie - a mismatch between individual and community norms and values, there are greater chances of poor mental health. Young people spend much of their time within the school environment; therefore it must be interesting to study the school context (school connectedness, ethos and contextual factors such as school size or denomination) on the part of students and how they relate it to their well being. The aim of the present study is to explore school ethos among higher secondary students.

Method: A school based descriptive study was conducted to explore school ethos as regarded by higher secondary students. SEM (MacBeath et al., 1992) was used as a measure of school ethos. 666 students (Male = 226, female = 440) were selected as participants.

Results: Only 10% students were found to have positive perception towards their school.

Conclusion: A very low percentage of students have positive attitude towards their school. Schools fail to attract students. Therefore, it is needed that to make our schools student friendly and safe and to work in the direction of making our classes attractive and more interactive which will help students to feel more associated and comfortable with school. 


School Ethos, Suicidal Behavior

Full Text:



• Ainsworth M.S., et al. (1978) Patterns of Attachment: A Psychological Study of the Strange Situation. Potomac, Md, Lawrence Erlbaum.

• Battistich, V., Solomon, D., Kim, D., Watson, M., & Schaps, S. (1995) Schools as communities, poverty levels of student populations, and students' attitudes, motives, and performance: a multilevel analysis. American Educational Research Journal,32, 627-658.

• Battistich, V., Watson, M., Solomon, D., Lewis, C., & Schaps, E. (1999) Beyond the three R’s: A broader agenda for school reform. Elementary School Journal, 99, 415–431.

• Bowlby J. (1973) Separation, Anxiety and Anger. Vol. 2 of Attachment and Loss. New York, Basic Books.

• Bowlby J. (1979) On knowing what you are not supposed to know and feeling what you are not. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry,24,5, 403-408.

• Bowlby J. (1982) Attachment and loss: retrospect and prospect. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 52, 4, 664-678.

• Bryk, A.S. & Driscoll, M.E. (1988) The School as Community:Theoretical Foundations, Contextual Influences, and Consequences for Students and Teachers. National Center on Effective Secondary Schools, Madison.

• Bryk, A.S. & Scheider, B. (2002) Trust in Schools: A core resource for improvement. The American Sociological Association’s Rose Series in Sociology. New York, Russell Sage Foundation.

• Daley, A. J. & Buchanan, J. (1999) Aerobic dance and physical self-perceptions in female adolescents: Some implications for physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 70, 196-200.

• Hale, W. W. (1998) Judgment of facial expressions and depression persistence. Psychiatry Research, 80, 3, 265-274.

• Hargreaves, A. (2002) Teaching and betrayal. Teachers and Teaching, 8, 3-4, 393-408.

• Haslam, S. A., Jetten, J., Postmes, T., & Haslam, C. (2009) Social identity, health and well-being: An emerging agenda for applied psychology. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 58, 1-23.

• Jacobsson, C., Pousette, A., & Thylefors, I. (2001) Managing Stress and Feelings of Mastery among Swedish Comprehensive School Teachers. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 45, 1, 37-53.

• Lee, R. M. & Robbins, S. B. (1998) The relationship between social connectedness and anxiety, self-esteem, and social identity. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 45, 3, 338-345.

• Mahler, M.S., Pine F. & Bergman A. (1975) The Psychological Birth of the Human Infant. New York, Basic Books.

• McMillan, D.W. & Chavis, D.M. (1986) Sense of community: a definition and theory. Journal of Community Psychology, 14, 6-23.

• Yash Pal (1993) (Chairman) Report of the Committee to Advise on Renovation and Rejuvenation of Higher Education. Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, New Delhi, India.

• Nutbrowna, C., & Clough, P. (2009) Citizenship and inclusion in the early years: understanding and responding to children’s perspectives on ‘belonging’. International Journal of Early Years Education, 17,3, 191-206.

• WHO (2005 )WHO Regional Office for Europe’s Health Evidence Network (HEN) March 2006 What is the evidence on school health promotion in improving health or preventing disease and, specifically, what is the effectiveness of the health promoting schools approach? WHO. Expert Committee on School Health Services: report on the first session, Geneva, 7-12 August 1950. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1951 (Technical Report Series, No. 30;, accessed 23 December 2005).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.