• Viral Shukla Government Arts & Commerce College, Lalpur (Dist. Jamnagar)


Folk literature is one of the major branch of folklore as mentioned above. Oral literature is another term used to denote the same.  Although, the term ‘literature’ is often considered paradoxical to be attached with ‘folk’ as the word ‘literature’ means ‘written works such as poems, plays and novels’. While the folk literature is transmitted orally and that’s why the prefix ‘oral’ is attached with it. “Ugandan scholar Pio Zirimu introduced the term orature in an attempt to avoid an oxymoron, but oral literatureremains more common both in academic and popular writing”. (Auger 210) The term, anyhow, didn’t get popular and ‘folk literature’ and ‘oral literature’ are unanimously used in folkloristic.


Amos, Dan Ben. “Toward a Definition of Folklore.” The Journal of American Folklore (1971): 3-15. Print.

Auger, Peter. The Anthem Dictionary of Literary Terms and Theory. London: The Anthem Press, 2010. Print.

Jani, Kanu. Lokavangmaya. Ahmedabad: Parshva Prakashan, 1992. Print.

Meghani, Jhaverchand. Lokasāhitya nu Samalochan. Ahmedabad: Gurjar Grantharatna Karyalaya, 2010. Print.

Parmar, Jaymall. Lok, Sahitya ane Sanskruti. Rajkot: Pravin Prakashan, 2011. Print.

—.Lokasahitya: Tatvadarshan ane Mulyankan. Gandhinagar: University

Granthnirman Board, 1992. Print.

Rajyaguru, Niranjan. Gujarat no Samrudhdh Vangmay Vārso. Gandhinagar:

Gujarat Sahitya Akademi, 2011. Print.

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How to Cite

Viral Shukla. (2017). DEFINITION AND FEATURES OF FOLK LITERATURE. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 3(5). Retrieved from