• Raju Keshari PhD Scholar Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi


Soviet Union, Geopolitics, South Asia, Balancing


The Soviet took keen interest in the South Asian sub-continent much before from the middle of the 20th century when Czarist Russia occupied the entire landmass presently known as central Asia and was in search of further expansion southwards. At the time British were the formidable force in the Indian subcontinent and they had strengthened their rule in the part of the world (Ahmar 1989). At the juncture, English got concerned about the threat being posed by czarist Russia to their empire in the sub-continent, and prompted them to pay attention towards it. In order to torpedo the czarist ambition towards South Asia, they decided to intervene in Afghanistan to make it the buffer between the two hostile powers of the time (Chandra 2004). This paper tries to trace the contours of the historical posturing of Soviet Union towards significant South Asian region of the world and its contemporary geopolitical ramifications.


I. Ahmar, Moonis (1987), "Soviet Union and South Asia: Issues and Constraints", South Asian Studies (London), 4(2): 35-64.

II. Bakshi, Jyotsna (1998), "India in Russia's Strategic Thinking”, Strategic Analysis (NewDelhi), 21 (10): 1467-86.

III. Bakshi, Jyotsna (November 1999) "Russian policy towards South Asia," Strategic Analysis (New Delhi), 23 (8):1373-4.

IV. Budhraj, Vijay Sen (1973), Soviet Russia and the Hindustan Subcontinent, Bombay: Somaiya Publication.

V. Chakravarty, Sumit (1993), "The Yeltsin's visit: Secret of success", Hindustan Times, New Delhi, 11th February, 1993.

VI. Chandra, Bipan (2004), Modern India, NCERT Publication.

VII. Jain, J.P. (1974), Soviet Policy towards Pakistan and Bangladesh, New Delhi: Radient Publisher.

VIII. Kaushik, Devendra (1971), Soviet Relations with India and Pakistan, Delhi: Vikas Publication.

IX. Kux, Dennis (1993), Estranged Democracies: India and the United States, 1941- 1991, New Delhi: Sage Publications.

X. Malik, Mohan J. (2012), China and India: Great Powers Rivals, Boulder: Lynne Reinner Publishers.

XI. Robert, H. Donaldson and Nogee, Joseph L. (1998), The Foreign Policy of Russia: Changing Systems and Enduring Interest, Armon, New York : M.E. Sharpe, Inc .

XII. Rothermund, Dietmar (1969), Power, and the Third World: Essays on the Changing International System, Philadelphia: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

XIII. Shah, Adnan Ali (2001), "Pakistan-Russia relations: Post Cold War Era", Strategic Studies (Islamabad), 31-61.

XIV. Shah, Rajiv (1994), "Americanist Kozyrev and India," Patriot, New Delhi, 21st July, 1994

Additional Files



How to Cite

Raju Keshari. (2017). HISTORICAL BASIS OF RUSSIA (SOVIET UNION)-SOUTH ASIA REALIGNMENT. International Education and Research Journal (IERJ), 3(5). Retrieved from http://ierj.in/journal/index.php/ierj/article/view/1029