AN OVERVIEW ON NATURAL FLORISTIC COMPOSITION OF LUCKNOW UNIVERSITY, INDIA

Sonia Saini, Brijendra Pratap Singh

Abstract


A study was conducted to explore the overall floristic composition of the main campus of Lucknow University (India) spreading over an area of about 90 acres. This study investigates the total flora of lucknow university that include angiosperm, gymnosperm, pteridophyte, bryophyte, algae are summarized in table 1. Total of 325 plants were recorded of which only 7 species of pteridophyte from (4 family), 10 species of algae from (2 family), 5 species of gymnosperm from (2 family) and rest of the plant represented by angiospermic plants. Except gymnosperm, all the plant is naturally growing in the campus. A total of 260 species of herbaceous plant species were reported representing 79.02% of the total floristic composition of the campus. Natural tree species were only 42 in number constituting 12.76% of the total floristic composition of the campus whereas shrubs were 18 in number constituting only 5.47% of the total natural flora of university of lucknow. The least representation was that by the undershrubs, that is 9 in number representing only 2.73% of the total natural vascular flora of the university of lucknow campus. Thus the herbs are the dominant constituents of the floristic composition of university of lucknow campus. The Campus flora contain medicinal plant, timber yielding plant, oil yielding plants, fodder plants, fruity plants along with flowering and ornamental. This flora also comprises in to exotic and non-exotic type.


Keywords


Lucknow University, Medicinal Flora, Fabaceae, Spice Crops and Families

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References


Lucknow University site accessed July 2007

Encyclopædia Britannica accessed July 2007

Lucknow University Act No VI, November 25, 1920

Women Saints in Gaudiya Vaishnavism

Lucknow University History

Lucknow Minimum Temperature

Indo-Asian News Service (January 9, 2013)."Mercury at record low in Uttar Pradesh". NDTV. Retrieved January 9, 2013

Duthie, J. F. (1903-1922). Flora of the Upper Gangetic Plain and of the Adjacent Siwalik and Sub-Himalayan Tracts. 3 Vols. Governments of India, Central Publication Branch, Calcutta, India.

Hooker, J. D. (1875-1897). The flora of British India. 7 Vols. L. Reeve & Co., London, U. K.


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